A review on Metal-Organic Framework (MOF): Synthesis and Solid Catalyst Applications

Mahreni Mahreni, Yuli Ristianingsih

Abstract


Metal-organic of skeletons (MOFs) is a group compound that consists of an ion or metal group coordinated by organic ligands to make many-dimensional structured. MOFs are subclass by coordinated polymer with specialties porous structured. MOFs have a wide surface, flexible structure, and similar pore size. This MOFs many implicated in the industry for example to absorption of CO2 gas, saving energy, separation process, biomedical, sensors, and catalysts, etc. The goal of this paper is to compare the synthesis process of MOFs with some methods. Like solvothermal/hydrothermal, mechanochemical, microwave-assisted, sonochemical, electrochemical, and layer by layer synthesis. Moreover, it is to know the implementation of MOFs as a heterogeneous catalyst in the chemical industry. Based on the review paper conducted we know that MOFs synthesis with the used sonochemical method is well better than other methods. It is because the sonochemical method needs short crystallization time and eco-friendly and using energy like ultrasonic radiation (20kHz-10MHz). MOFs are can be used to fulfill like a heterogeneous catalyst because MOFs have a wide surface, similar pore size, and has high thermal stability. MOFs application is a heterogeneous catalyst many used in the esterification process nor Transesterification and oxidation reactions.


Keywords


MOFs, solvothermal, mechanochemical, sonochemical, solid catalyst.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31098/ess.v1i1.159

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