Biochar Making Machines Design for Increasing Food Security

Susila Herlambang, , AZ. Purwono Budi Santoso, Muammar Gomareuzzaman, Astrid Wahyu Adventri Wibowo

Abstract


The development of sustainable agriculture is one of the steps to achieve national food security. The created agricultural system is demanded to be able to continue for the present and the future in managing resources for the sake of agriculture in meeting human needs. Over time, agricultural land in Indonesia has also decreased due to the consequences of increasing population growth. It is predicted that the depreciation of agricultural land can hamper sustainable agricultural development. Indonesia is included in the wet tropics, where many soils have undergone a further weathering process. This soil has low nutrient content, cation exchange capacity, pH, and organic matter, while for anion exchange capacity, the exchangeable aluminum, oxide, and clay content are high. High levels of aluminum in the soil can be toxic to plants. Toxic properties in the soil, which are caused by aluminum, which can be exchanged on acid soils, can be overcome by using pyrolysis charcoal, from now on better known as biochar. The purpose of this research is to design a biochar making machine to increase food security. Based on the needs, technology, and several other aspects, this research gets to design a prototype of a biochar making machine.


Keywords


design, prototype, biochar, agriculture, ergonomic

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.31098/ess.v1i1.88

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Copyright (c) 2020 Susila Herlambang, , AZ. Purwono Budi Santoso, Muammar Gomareuzzaman, Astrid Wahyu Adventri Wibowo

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